Harper's Weekly 12/24/1898


THIS BUSY
WORLD


TheYale and the Harvard have gone back to the paths
of peace, which they follow again as the Paris and the
New York, but the blockade-scarred Princeton is still in
the navy, and expects to stay there. As every Princeton
man and many other persons know, she is a composite
gunboat, barkentine rigged, and carries thirteen guns. On
December 10 about 300 Princeton men boarded her in the
Brooklyn Navy-yard, to celebrate the addition to her
equipment of one silver punch-bowl, mostly tiger, one
ship's bell with a Princeton clapper, and a ship's library
of about 600 volumes. The Princeton Club of Philadel-
phia gave the bowl, the Princeton Club of New York the
bell and library. Commander Clifford H. West accepted
them in behalf of the gunboat and her owners and crew
with eloquent and appropriate remarks. He recalled the
history of the former United States ship of the same
name, and her associations with Commodore Stockton, to
whom chiefly is due the abolition of flogging in the
American navy. President Patton was there, and Admiral
Bunce. It was the greatest Princeton day Long Island
ever saw.


Another interesting presentation of recent occurrence
was the gift of a loving-cup, by the Commercial Club of
St. Paul, Minnesota, to Captain Sigsbee, late commander
of the liner St. Paul during her term of service as an aux-
iliary cruiser of the United States navy. In his letter of
acknowledgment Captain Sigsbee remarks that the lov-
ing-cup sent him is identical in design with that which
went down on the Maine in Havana Harbor. It was a
mere coincidence, but a fortunate one, that this should
have been so. By way of a souvenir of the cruiser St.
Paul's
term in the navy, Captain Sigsbee sent the Com-
merical Club the ship's Bible, which had been inadvertent-
ly packed among his things when he left the ship, and
later had been given to him by the president of the Inter-
national Navigation Company.


Boston is arranging for a show of pictures by John S.
Sargent, to be held under the auspices of the Boston Art
Student's Association, in Copley Hall on Clarendon Street,
for three weeks, beginning February 20. The exhibition
promises to be exceedingly interesting. The committee
of fifteen which has it in charge includes Professor Nor-
ton, Mr. Wadsworth Longfellow, Mrs. Henry Whitman,
and divers other well-known and accomplished persons.
They have arranged to borrow many of the best paintings
by Mr. Sargent that are in London, including everything
in the artist's studio that is of interest. Among pictures
already promised them are the portraits of Mr. Wertheimer,
the English Jew, which is now in the Academy loan exhibi-
tion; of Mrs. Wertheimer; of Senator Calvin S. Brice;
of Mrs. Carl Meyer, of London, and her two children; and
others. The prospect is that the exhibition will be the
best show of Mr. Sargent's work ever given. The artist
himself is said to take a very lively interest in it, especially
because his most important work is already in Boston, in
the Public Library.


Mr. Brigham H. Roberts, Congressman-elect from Utah,
has three wives, and a good many persons seem to think
that he ought not to be sworn in as a member of Con-
gress. Mr. Dingley of Maine is reported to be scandal-
ized at the idea of sitting in the same House with a polyg-
amist, and to believe that Mr. Roberts ought not to be
admitted. The Woman's Board of Home Missions of the
Presbyterian Church is of the same opinion, and is getting
ready to take action. The Episcopal clergymen of Tren-
ton, New Jersey, have written to their Congressman about
the case, and other bodies will doubtless be heard from.
It would seem to be trouble enough for one man to have
three living wives, without losing his seat in Congress,
but these vigilant censors don't take that view of it.


Mr. Roberts's explanation of his predicament is that he
married all his wives while polygamy was still fashionable
in Utah, and that he has never felt at liberty to divest
himself of his domestic responsibilities. One must sym-
pathize with that sentiment, however inexpedient it may
seem for a man ever to have got himself so much entan-
gled.


It seems not as yet to have been suggested that an
American citizen cannot now have more than one living
wife, and that in the eyes of the law in Washington Mr.
Roberts's second and third encumbrances are not wives at
all. Nominally he may be a trigamist, but actually trig-
amy is not recognized by law as a feasible condition. If
he attempts as a Congressman to have three wives in
Washington, and to take more than one of them to a
White House reception, his case will fall naturally and
easily to the care of the District police force. If, how-
ever, he is content to leave his families in Utah, it seems
as if Congress might get along with him.


We have had a new war, and have seen peace follow it,
but no one has yet seen a soldiers' and sailors' monument
in New York. There are plans for one, made by Messrs.
C. W. & A. A. Stoughton, which have been duly accepted,
after a competition. The site, too, has been agreed upon,
in the Riverside Park at Eighty-third Street, but as yet
the monument does not rise.


The Columbia University Committee of Employment
for Students finds more students who need employment
than employments which need students. Last year the
committee put the young men with whom it concerned
itself in the way of earning about $2500. It wants to do
better this year. It has registered students for hire, who
can spare a few hours daily, “for almost any line of
work requiring special aptitude, intelligence, and reli-
ability.” If you want private tutors, translators who
know the European and Asiatic languages, teachers for
evening schools, stenographers, type-writers, draughtsmen,
lecturers for schools, or ushers for entertainments, send to
Columbia's Committee of Employment and have your
order filled.


Another thing that is wanted for Columbia students
is dormitories. The trustees have decided that they will
have them, and plans have been drawn by McKim, Mead,
& White for four five-story buildings to skirt the green
at 120th Street, and form three sides of a quadrangle.
Two of these buildings are to cost $164,000 each, and two
about $210,000 each. As soon as the money is subscribed
work on them will begin.


Destiny, as we all know, is a sarcastic creature, and it
happens often that folks die just when it seems to observ-
ers that they have got ready to live. It was certainly
so with General Calixto Garcia, who died of pneumonia,
in Washington, on December 11. It is only a few weeks
since he came from Cuba at the head of the special Cuban
commission which was empowered to communicate the
views of the Cuban leaders to our government.


General Garcia was fifty-eight years old, and for more
than half his life his chief concern had been the over-
throw of Spanish rule in Cuba. He was born in Holguin,
Cuba, in 1840, and was one of the instigators of the Cuban
rebellion of 1868. For five years he was active and suc-
cessful in fights and forays against the Spaniards, but in
September, 1873, he was surprised with twenty men by
500 Spaniards. Seeing that there was no chance to get
away, and unwilling to be captured alive, he put the muz-
zle of his pistol in his mouth and pulled the trigger. The
ball, instead of going through his brain, came out of his
forehead between his eyes, and he recovered. He was
sent to Spain and held a prisoner until the peace of Zan-
jon was signed, in 1877. Then he went to Paris, and
thence to New York and back to Cuba, and presently
took part with Maceo in what was called “the little war,”
which followed the peace of Zanjon. Captured again,
his life was spared, and he was sent back to Spain, where
he lived for seventeen years under police supervision at
Madrid. There he supported his family, which grew to
be large, by teaching.


When the last revolution broke out, in 1894, he grew
restless again, and finally slipped away from Madrid and
reached New York in November, 1895. He commanded

GENERAL CALIXTO GARCIA.
Born, 1840. Died, December 11, 1898.


the Hawkins filibustering expedition which came to
grief, but after two more unsuccessful attempts reached
Cuba in March 1896. His record as a Cuban leader after
that is matter of general knowledge. His co-operation
with the American forces in the capture of Santiago fairly
brought him in at the death of the Spanish rule that he
had fought so long.


Of the three Cuban generals of greatest note in the last
revolution only Gomez now survives.


The Independent, fifty years old, has issued (December
8) an anniversary number full of reminiscence and history.
One feature of it is its poems by Longfellow, Whittier,
Holmes, Mrs. Browning, Alice Cary, and others, gathered
from its own files, as well as new ones by Mr. Stoddard
and Mr. Bliss Carman. Dr. Storrs tells of the paper's
early years, Dr. William Haves Ward reviews its half-
century of activity, and Dr. Theodore Cuyler tells of the
thirty-eight years during which he has had personal rela-
tions with it as contributor.


The Independent has had a hand in the making of a vast
deal of important history. It has been written and read
by thinking people, and while its form has changed re-
peatedly, its quality seems to be continuous. So may it
ever be, and its readers also.


There has been some sort of a hitch between Dr. E.
Benjamin Andrews, Superintendent of Schools in Chi-
cago, and the Chicago Board of Education. Precisely
what the difference was has not been made clear, but the
gist of the difficulty seems to have been that Dr. An-
drews's authority was curtailed, appointments were made
over his head, and he was unable to carry out what seem-
ed to him his reasonable ideas and purposes. It was ru-
mored that finally he sent in his resignation, and that that
led to a thorough discussion of existing conditions and
of the relations between the superintendent and the board,
with the result of a better understanding and Dr. An-
drew's continuance in office on terms agreeable to him.


Dr. Andrews has been quoted as saying that much of
the trouble sprang from a belief prevalent in the board
that he was the exponent of the educational ideas of
President Harper of the Chicago University. Dr. Har-
per's ideas appear to be offensive to the board, and Dr.
Andrews appears to have relieved the board's mind con-
siderably by the assurance that while he and Dr. Harper
were friends, their opinions were not in accord on all
subjects.


The Supreme Court in Tennessee declares that the
law passed by the Tennessee Legislature prohibiting the
sale of cigarettes in that State is constitutional, because
cigarettes are not legitimate articles of commerce. In
Chicago the City Council voted, the other day, to increase
the cost of licenses to sell cigarettes from $100 to $500.
In these actions, however they may result, there is evi-
dence of a deep-seated suspicion that cigarettes are un-
wholesome. Persons in whose minds this suspicion has
grown to such troublesome proportions that they have
come to believe that the cigarette habit threatens to un-
dermine American manhood, may find some comfort in
the report of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, who
has reasons for believing that during the last fiscal year
the consumption of cigarettes diminished 382,587,200.
The significance of this report is impaired, however, by
the fact—which every one must recall—that the Rough
Riders and others of our soldiery ran entirely out of ci-
garettes at Santiago, and with the best will in the world
to bring the average consumption up to normal, were un-
able to procure the means to do it.


During the same fiscal year there was an apparent in-
crease in the consumption of cigars of about 325,000,000,
so it does not do to argue, from the slight relapse in cigar-
ettes, that tobacco is going out of fashion.


The most popular military man in the world among
the hack writers, authors, newspaper men, and workers
at literature and the affiliated trades is General Kitchener,
of whom it is told, that being asked to write a book, he
replied, “No, thank you; I shall remain a soldier.” In
old times making history and writing it were usually
separate jobs. Nowadays it is different. The sword and
the pen are mighty by turns in the same hand, and what
soldiers lose by the discouragement of the good old prac-
tice of sack, they win by gleanings in the field of litera-
ture. Relief for the professional men of letters is not
easily devised. A literary trust would have to be too
hospitable to be of value for commercial purposes. A
license system might be tried, as with ministers, but that
too would fail for lack of a reasonable basis for exclu-
sion. Hope is chiefly sustained in the literary bosom by
anticipation that the late wars will presently be as fully
expounded as the fickle mind of the public can endure,
and that then, when there is nothing in particular to say
about anything, the business of saying it will revert to
experienced hands.


British justice seems not to differ materially from
American justice in its treatment of Christian Science.
The healers whose ministrations failed in the case of Har-
old Frederic have encountered British law, and nothing
seems to have come of it. After having been examined,
arraigned, remanded, and re-remanded, they have been
discharged, subject, however, to further legal attentions
if it should seem expedient.


This is about the usual course on this side of the water.
An exception is the case of Harriet Evans, of Cincinnati,
who is reported to have been convicted on December 8,
by a jury, of practising medicine unlawfully. She was
fined $100. The story, as the newspapers tell it, is that
Thomas McDowell had typhoid fever, and called in a
doctor, who had him in charge when Miss Evans came in
and “treated” the patient. The doctor then gave up the
case, and Miss Evans took it. McDowell's wife approved,
but his daughter objected, and resented Miss Evans giv-
ing her father plums to eat. McDowell died. The usual
difference of opinion obtains as to the cause of his de-
cease, the rabble declaring that he had too much Christian
Science, the Scientists protesting that he didn't have
enough.


There appeared in the Weekly for December 10 a
meritorious poem by Mr. John K. Bangs, wherein he had
fun with “Sir J. D. Edgar, Speaker of the Canadian
House of Commons,” on the strength of the suggestion,
attributed by a daily paper to that gentleman, that Eng-
land should cede the island of Jamaica to Uncle Sam in
exchange for one of the Eastern States.


Mr. Edgar (it would not be polite to call him “Sir J.,”
and he has not divulged his Christian name) writes to the
Weekly to say that he does not object to Mr. Bangs's
chaff, but that Mr. Bangs has trusted too implicitly to
the daily paper. He explains that his suggestion to swap
Jamaica for New Hampshire was not offered in entire se-
riousness, but was a counter-suggestion to the proposal of
Senator Chandler, made in a current magazine, to swap
the Philippines for Canada. One suggestion he thinks
not more absurd than the other, since Great Britain could
no more swap off Canada than the United States could
swap off New Hampshire. He adds:


If it strikes an American as absolutely incongruous and absurd for
any one to suggest the swapping of one of the States for Jamaica,
with its black population, it must be seen that it would be more con-
ducive to good feeling all round if a statesman so prominent as Sena-
tor Chandler would realize that his suggestion about the Philippines
and Canada might do harm all round if it were to be taken seriously.


That is very true, but, happily, Senator Chandler's sug-
gestion is not likely to be taken seriously on either side
of the border. It is part of a policy of pin pricks, which
some American statesmen and American newspapers
affect, to talk periodically of gobbling up Canada the
first good chance. It is not a useful policy, though we
are warranted in hoping that it is practically harmless.


Columns of discourse from many sources have been
published of late about “the negro problem,” but no one
has spoken with more authority and wisdom about it than
Booker T. Washington, of Tuskegee. He says that while
in a few places there is trouble, in ten thousand places in
the South white men and black are living together in peace
and contentment. He does not tell the colored men to
fight for their rights, but he bids them not to be dis-
couraged. “A white man,” he says, “respects a negro
who owns a two-story house.” He thinks material and
industrial improvement must precede the other kinds of
betterment among the colored people. It is hard, he
says, to make a good Christian or a good citizen of a
hungry man, but he believes that the Southern negroes
need not go hungry if they can learn how to work; and
to teach them that, among other things, is the business of
his admirably useful life.

E. S. Martin.

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